Команда expr: опции, ключи и примеры использования

expr

Evaluate expressions and manipulate strings.

  • Get string length:

expr length {{string}}

  • Evaluate logical or math expression with an operator ('+', '-', '*', '&', '|', etc.). Special symbols should be escaped:

expr {{first_argument}} {{operator}} {{second_argument}}

  • Get position of the first character in 'string' that matches 'substring':

echo $(expr index {{string}} {{substring}})

  • Extract part of the string:

echo $(expr substr {{string}} {{position_to_start}} {{number_of_characters}}

  • Extract part of the string which matches a regular expression:

echo $(expr {{string}} : '\({{regular_expression}}\)')

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